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UPnP and DLNA

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(2024/04/14) Configuration status web page updated automatically

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(2024/04/14) MinimServer 2.2 update 250 has been released

UPnP and DLNA

Overview

UPnP and DLNA are closely related industry standards for playing digital audio (and other media) over a home network. In a typical setup, there's a music server that stores and indexes your music, a music player that plays digital audio data through your amplifier and loudspeakers, and a control point that lets you browse your music collection and select music to play. The control point sends your selections to the music player (either one at a time or as a playlist containing several items), and the music player reads the audio data from the music server and plays it for you.

If the server, player and control point are all built according to the UPnP/DLNA standards, they should work together even though they may be produced by different companies. This gives you flexibility to mix and match the digital audio components in your home network, just as you might mix and match a CD player, amplifier and loudspeakers in a traditional audio system.

UPnP and DLNA are very similar and MinimServer supports both of these. If you have devices in your network that support either UPnP or DLNA, these devices should work with MinimServer. From now on, we'll refer to any combination of UPnP and DLNA as just UPnP..

Setting up a UPnP system

If you want to use MinimServer as your music server, you'll also need to have a UPnP control point and a UPnP music player. You could use free software running on a PC for either or both of these, or you could use specialized hardware components. A typical setup might have the following:
  Music player: a dedicated network audio player connected to your home audio system
  Control point: an application running on a PC, Mac, iPod, iPad or Android device
  Music server: a computer or a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device

There are many different options for each of these components, ranging from free software applications to dedicated hardware components with a wide variety of price tags. As a starting point for finding out what's available and suitable for your needs, you could take a look at this Wikipedia page.

Importance of the music server

The control point doesn't access the audio files in your music collection directly. Instead, the control point displays your music collection by accessing a browse tree that's created by the music server from tag information in your audio files. The browse tree provides a series of choices (for things like Album, Artist, Genre, etc.) that you can make in a given order to find the music that you want to play. There's no UPnP standard for what the browse tree should look like, so there could be big differences in the browse trees that two different music servers create from the same music collection.

The control point application controls the appearance of your selection display, but the content that it shows you is limited to what it finds in the browse tree. Because the content of the browse tree is controlled by the music server, your choice of music server can make a big difference to how easy it is for you to browse and find music in your collection.